Voice and Frames in the Soviet Nenets’ Auto/Biographies

  • Karina Lukin University of Helsinki
Keywords: auto/biography, narrator roles, voice, socialist realism


This article explores the narrative and metalinguistic devices used by two Nenets writers, Nikolaj Vylka and Anton Pyrerka, in the auto/ biographical novels they wrote in the Soviet Union in the 1930s. Focusing on narrator roles and voices, the article argues that despite the overarching programme of socialist realism, the writers creatively used available linguistic resources to build Socialist plots and frames in their novels. However, their choices differ considerably, reflecting their divergent ideas about the relationship between pre- and post-Soviet Nenets culture.

Author Biography

Karina Lukin, University of Helsinki

Karina Lukin, PhD, is a post-doctoral researcher of folklore studies at the University of Helsinki, where she holds the title of Docent of Folklore Studies. She has studied Nenets oral and written creativity, including everyday narration, oral history, mythology and shamanism. Currently, she is working on twentieth-century Nenets literature, especially the strategies of defining and reworking the borders of literature, folklore and heritage. E-mail: