Beyond Endings: Past Tenses and Future Imaginaries

Introduction. Beyond Endings – Past Tenses and Future Imaginaries


  • Lut Missinne University of Münster
  • Katja Sarkowsky Augsburg University
  • Martina Wagner-Egelhaaf University of Münster



In the vein of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe (1719), the German writer Johann Gottfried Schnabel (1692–1748) wrote a four-volume Robinsonade novel, Die Insel Felsenburg [The Island Felsenburg], which was published between 1731 and 1743. Schnabel’s novel became extremely popular in Germany, as it tells the story of a group of shipwrecked settlers who, in the spirit of protestant piety, establish an ideal state on the beautiful island on which they are stranded. One day, they discover a hidden cave, where they find a well-preserved mummified man, sitting in a stone chair at a table. On a tin board, this man, Don Cyrillo de Valaro, had engraved important information for posterity: namely that he was born on 9 August 1475, came to the island on 14 November 1514, and recorded his recollection on 27 June 1606. His writing ends as follows: ‘I am still alive, however close to death, June 28. 29. and 30. and still July 1., 2. 3., 4. By recording every day that he was still alive, Don Cyrillo, the only inhabitant on the island at the time, managed to do what no autobiographer could ever complete: record his death. One could even go so far as to say that his method typifies a life-writing model – documenting the days of one’s life in the face of inevitable death. In the context of Schnabel’s novel, this episode is remarkable in so far as the most prominent entertainment of the island’s inhabitants is to tell one another about their lives. In the evening, when their work is done, they come together – and there is no TV or internet – and tell their stories. Remarkably enough, their stories are full of sex and crime – aspects of life that are banned from the virtuous island. The story of Don Cyrillo de Valaro and the settlers is fiction, of course. However, it triggers the question as to how ‘real’ autobiographers deal with or even describe their own deaths.

Author Biographies

Lut Missinne, University of Münster

Lut Missinne is Professor of Modern Dutch Literature at the University of Münster. Her current research focuses on autobiographical writing, travel literature, translation studies, and interwar literature. She published Oprecht gelogen. Autobiografische romans en autofictie in de Nederlandse literatuur na 1985 (Vantilt 2013); Wege nach Translantis (Waxmann 2020, with L. Mensing); she coedited Travel Writing in Dutch and German, 1790–1930. Modernity, Regionality, Mobility (Routledge 2017, with A. E. Martin and B. van Dam); and Grundthemen der Literaturwissenschaft: Fiktionalität (De Gruyter 2020, with R. Schneider and B. van Dam).

Katja Sarkowsky, Augsburg University

Katja Sarkowsky is Chair of American Studies at Augsburg University. Her current research focuses on life writing, literary citizenship studies, and the adaptation of Sophocles’ Antigone in contemporary Anglophone literatures and political theory. Her publications include the monograph, Narrating Citizenship and Belonging in Anglophone Canadian Literature (2018) and the edited volume ‘Cranes of the Rise’: Metaphor in Life Writing (2018). E-mail:

Martina Wagner-Egelhaaf, University of Münster

Martina Wagner-Egelhaaf holds a Chair of Modern German Literature at the University of Münster. Her current research focuses on autobiography/autofiction, rhetoric, style/stylistics, literature and law, the relation of literature, religion, and politics. She recently edited the Handbook of Autobiography/Autofiction, 3 vols., vol. 1: Theory and Concepts, vol. 2: History, vol. 3: Exemplary Texts, Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 2019, and published the monograph Sich entscheiden. Momente der Autobiographie bei Goethe, Göttingen: Wallstein, 2020. E-mail:





Beyond Endings: Past Tenses and Future Imaginaries